Botulinum Toxin is a drug made from a neuro-toxin produced by the bacterium Clostridium Botulinum. It's the same toxin that causes a life-threatening type of food poisoning called botulism. Clinicians use it in small doses to treat health problems, including the temporary smoothing of facial wrinkles and improving your appearance.
Toxin injections work by weakening or paralysing certain muscles or by blocking certain nerves. The effects last about three to twelve months, depending on what you are treating. The most common side effects are pain, swelling, or bruising at the injection site. You could also have flu-like symptoms, headache, and upset stomach. Injections in the face may also cause temporary drooping eyelids. You should not use toxin treatments if you are pregnant or breastfeeding.
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Hyperhidrosis, or excessive sweating, is a common disorder that produces a lot of unhappiness. A small percentage of people suffer from excessive sweating of the underarms (axillary hyperhidrosis) or of the palms and soles of thefeet (palmoplantar hyperhidrosis). Underarm problems tend to start around puberty, while palm and sole sweating may begin earlier, often during childhood. Untreated, these problems may continue throughout life. Sweating is embarrassing, stains clothes, and may complicate business and social interactions.
Sweat glands are actually in the skin, not underneath it. When you sweat, a chemical messenger is sent to the sympathetic nerves that meet your sweat glands, turning the sweat ‘on’. When toxin is injected, it blocks the chemical messenger sent to your sympathetic nerves and so it does not reach the sweat glands. Without the chemical message, the glands cannot turn on the sweating. Toxin permanently blocks the nerve endings and so sweat cannot be produced. Within 6-12 weeks, your body starts to produce new nerve endings. These new endings can receive the message to turn those particular sweat glands on, so mild sweating returns. Within 4-12 months, all of the new nerve endings have been produced and the chemical message can be received, turning all of the sweat glands on again. Sweating returns to normal and the treatment has finished.